Water is the worst and most
common form of fuel contamination!
All fuels contain some water in suspension. Temperature changes
can cause suspended water in the fuel to coalesce and settle out.
Water is saturated in fuel at the rate of approximately 1 mg/liter/ oF
(1.8 mg/liter/oC). That is, at 70 oF (21oC),
a liter of fuel will contain 70 mg of water in suspension. Then,
at a lower temperature of 50 oF (10oC), the
fuel will contain 50 mg in the same liter. That means that 20 mg
of water was dropped out of the fuel by cooling it only 20 oF
(11oC). In a 10,000 gallon (37.85 cu. m) tank of
fuel, this would amount to about almost a quart (757 cc) of water collected
in the bottom of the tank - water that is the source of corrosion and
Condensation of air that enters as tank contents change from usage, bringing
in air that is saturated with water at higher temperatures, then cooling
to create a "dew" on the inside of the tank.
External seepage or leakage during rains may also cause water to enter
the tanks. Particularly in underground tanks, during ice or snow
buildup or very heavy rains, leakage has been a problem. The requirements
for containment dikes has contributed to the problem when drains become
stopped up and do not allow water to get away.
Water is more dense than fuel, so it always settles out to the
bottom of the tanks. This is why the WaterMagnet®
is placed in the tank bottom, where it can contact the free water and absorb
Pooled water introduced into the fuel system is of no benefit to operating
engines. In fact, it is possible to cause engine shut down or significant
loss of power when water is introduced.
Water in suspension in burning fuel reduces the amount of energy available
(BTUs/KCals), and will result in less horsepower output.
Fuels delivered into tanks will be acclimatize with water pooling at the
bottom of the fuel tank in 72 hours or less. (0ther contaminants
may be absorbed with the water at this time.)
A clean burning, water-free fuel allows the fuel's natural lubricants to
work, thus helping prevent wear and eventual failure of engine parts.
Slugs of water cause sudden cooling in the engine, and may result in shortened
Water in fuel tanks, lines, injectors, filters, etc. will freeze more readily
than the fuel. Most fuels freeze at lower than -20oF(-7oC);
water freezes at 32oF(0oC).
Water allowed to remain in hydrocarbon fuel (aviation and diesel) cultures
a microorganism or bacteria that feeds on the hydrocarbons in the fuel.
These microorganisms will produce offspring (spores) which become active
and produce colonies and mats of growth. The colonies of microorganisms
produce slime, which clog filters by covering the media. WaterMagnet®
removes their environment (water), so no spores or slime will exist.
WaterMagnet® absorbs free water
from most fuels - gasoline, diesel, kerosene, aviation fuels, agricultural
diesel, and marine fuels.
WaterMagnet® can be put in and
removed from a fuel tank a number of times until it is saturated.
Partially saturated absorbers should be stored in a closed plastic bag
when not in use.
No tools or equipment are required for installation or removal of the WaterMagnet®.
WaterMagnet® will not harm engines
or contaminate fuel.
Water absorbed by the WaterMagnet®
is chemically bonded in a gel - not a mechanical bond. A chemical
bond will not release the water when squeezed or held up. It will,
in time, dry out if left to air dry for an extended length of time. It
is not reusable after drying.
The size of WaterMagnet® to be
used should be selected based on the diameter of the absorber when fully
saturated with water and contaminants. It should be able to pass
through the opening in the tank when fully saturated.
Multiple units of WaterMagnet®
can be used if sufficient pooled water exists in the tank.
Disposal of WaterMagnet® can be
by landfill, incineration, or in accordance with governing laws and regulations.
Its composition is similar to many plastic products in widespread use in
all parts of the world.
WaterMagnet® should be used in
place of water dispersing additives, never in fuel containing
water dispersing additives.
Fuels with water dispersing additives already in them will not let the
perform to its maximum efficiency. Water removal works best if it
is allowed to coalesce and settle to the bottom of the tank. Water
dispersing fuel additives emulsify the water with the fuel. This
has the effect of bonding the water to the fuel. One water droplet
may be reduced to many minute parts by water dispersing additives. DISPERSING
IS NOT REMOVING!
Some approved aviation fuel additives, such as Biobor JF or Priest, are
water removing additives.
Solvents or alcohol used as an additive reduces the lubrication ability
of the fuel, which could result in fuel system damage or engine failure.
Use of solvents or alcohol as an additive to diesel lowers the flash point
of the fuel, which could lead to explosive mixtures.
When fuels treated with additives are used, the treatment is used up.
When new fuel is added to tanks with a WaterMagnet®,
it continues absorbing water until saturated, regardless of the amount
of fuel used. Thus, the costs associated with the WaterMagnet®
are directly related to the amount of water removed, not the amount
of fuel to be treated.
A dry fuel system is your best insurance against problems that may be caused
Now there is a choice. Continue treating the water problem or
the problem ...
with a WaterMagnet®!!